Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology
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DEPARTMENT OF PLANT BREEDING AND SEED TECHNOLOGY

    Introduction

The Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology (PBST) is one of the five departments in the College of Plant Science and Crop Production (COLPLANT) of the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FFUNAAB).  Its establishment is in acknowledgement of the pivotal position of Plant Breeding and Seed Production in a developing economy.

The Department offers degree programmes leading to the award of Bachelors, Postgraduate Diploma, Masters and Doctoral degrees.  The Department has two basic programmes, namely:

 

Plant Genetics and Breeding, and

Seed Science and Technology

 

10.3.2    Philosophy

The academic programme of the Department is in furtherance of the general philosophy and objectives of the University. Our curricular are therefore, built on reinforcing efforts towards increasing food production for sustainability through development of improved breeding lines/varieties and seeds of high agronomic values. Consequently, the Department offers opportunities for formal training at the Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels for the acquisition of basic and higher degrees necessary in these specialized areas of plant breeding and genetics, and seed science.

 

10.3.3    Objectives of the programmes

The objectives of the Postgraduate programmes in the Department are:

(i)      To produce competent plant breeders/geneticists and seed scientists who will take up challenges in the area of research, training and developmental needs in the private sector, academic institutions, and research institutes.

(ii)    To develop high level manpower for the increasing scope of activities in the food production sectors of the nation’s economy.

(iii)   To produce competent scientists who can utilize their scientific and research orientation to create jobs and exploit science and technology for national food sufficiency and development.

 


10.3.4    Postgraduate Programmes

The Department offers advanced study and professional training leading to the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D), Master of Agriculture (M. Agric) and Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in the units within the department. The courses are designed to increase students’ aptitude for designing, executing and interpreting research projects relevant to the need of the agricultural sector and the food industry at large.

 

The following programmes are available:

One year (2 semesters) Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in Plant Breeding and Seed Science

Two years Masters of Agriculture (M.Agric.) degree in Plant Breeding and Seed Science with specialization in:

Plant Breeding and Genetics

Seed Science and Technology

Three years or more for the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) degree in specialized areas of Plant Breeding and Seed Science and Technology

 

10.3.5    Departmental Postgraduate Committee.

Membership:

The Departmental Postgraduate Committee consists of all academic staff teaching and examining the postgraduate programme in the Department. This committee is chaired by the Head of Department.

Functions:

(i)      To co-ordinate Postgraduate programmes in the   Department

(ii)    To collaborate with operators of other degree  programmes

(iii)   To present candidates for admission, award of grants, scholarships and fellowships and the award of higher degrees and graduate diplomas to the College Postgraduate Committee.

(iv)  To recommend External Examiners to the College Postgraduate Committee based on the advice of the Supervisory Committee.

 


10.3.6    General Admission Requirements

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programme

Candidates for the Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) programme must be first degree holders, with minimum of 3rd class in relevant discipline i.e. agriculture or related courses from any recognized University. Holders of Higher National Diploma (HND) with Upper Credit plus five years post-qualification experience, holders of HND with Pass Degree plus 10 years cognate experience may also be considered.

 

(B)          Masters in Agriculture (M. Agric.) Degree programme 

Candidates for the M. Agric. degree programme must be graduates from any University recognized by Senate of the University, and shall normally have obtained a minimum of:

70% pass mark (for HND) or 60% pass mark (for 3rd class) from PGD programme of the Department or

minimum of second class honours (upper division) degree in any of the following agricultural disciplines: Agronomy, Crop Science, Horticulture or other related disciplines.

 

(C)          Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) degree

Candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree (Ph.D) programme must have obtained a 60% pass mark of the Master’s degree of the Department or its equivalent from any other University recognized by Senate. Holders of one year Master’s degree with average score of 60% and above may be considered on the condition that they shall register for M.Agric/Ph.D in the first instance, and then change over to full Ph.D programme after passing all approved courses as recommended by the department.

 

10.3.7    General Graduation Requirements

               

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma

To be eligible for the award of a Postgraduate Diploma in the relevant discipline, a candidate must:

(i)      Pass all the courses (pass mark for all courses shall be 50%) and total units prescribed for the programme.

(ii)    Not spend less than the minimum period nor more than the maximum period stipulated, and

(iii)   Pass the project work (the minimum pass mark shall be 50%). 

 

(B)          Masters Programme

(i)      Pass all the courses (pass mark for all courses shall be 50%) and total units prescribed for the programme.

(ii)    Submit a certified and approved hard copy of his/her M. Agric research dissertation.

 

(C)          Doctor of Philosophy Degree

Submit a certified and approved hard copy of his/her Ph.D research thesis.

 

10.3.8    Duration of Programmes 

The Postgraduate Diploma programme which can be field/practical-oriented, shall run on full-time or part-time basis, and shall normally be for a duration of two semesters for full time and four semesters for part-time.

The Masters degree programme shall run on full-time basis. The minimum duration shall normally be for four semesters and maximum of eight semesters.

The Doctor of Philosophy degree programme shall be on full-time or part-time basis. On full-time registration, the minimum duration of the programme shall be six semesters; and eight semesters for part-time registration. However, if the Masters degree was obtained from the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, or its equivalent elsewhere, minimum duration shall be four and six semesters for full-time and part-time candidates respectively.

 

10.3.9    Postgraduate Courses           

 

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma in Plant Breeding and Seed Science

               

Course Structure

Course Title

Units

Courses

18

Field Report

Project Report

Seminars

3

3

2

 

Total

 

26

Postgraduate Diploma Courses

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Units

College Core Courses

PCP 701

Principle of Crop Production

PRINCRPP

4

PBS 702

Design and Statistical Analysis of Experimets

DSTAEXPT

3

 

Computer Application in Agriculture I

CAPAGRICI

2

Departmental Courses

PBS 701

Fundamentals of Genetics

FUNDGENT

3

PBS 703

Seed Biology

SEEDBIOL

2

PBS 705

Introduction to Plant Breeding

INTRPBRD

3

PBS 704

Varietal Evaluation and Release

VAEVRLSE

2

PBS 706

Seed Production Technology in Nigeria

SEEDPRDN

3

PBS 708

Field Report

FIELDRPT

3

PBS 797

Seminar I

SEMINARI

1

PBS 798

Seminar II

SEMINAII

1

PBS 799

Project

PROJECT

3

 

 

Master of Agriculture in Plant Breeding or Seed Science and Technology

 

COURSE STRUCTURE

Course Title

Units

College Courses (compulsory)

Core Courses

Electives

Thesis Research

Seminars

 

10

15

6

6

2

Minimum Total for Award of M.Agric. Degree

39

 

 

 

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

Compulsory College Courses for both Options

PBS 803

Biostatistics

BIOSSTAT

3

SOS 815

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition

SOILFERT

3

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

 

M. Agric in Plant Breeding

First Semester

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

Core/Compulsory Courses

PBS 801

Biometrical Genetics I

BIOMGEN I

3

PBS 805

Physiological Genetics

PHYSGENE

3

 

Second Semester

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

Core/Compulsory Courses

PBS 802

Biometrical Genetics II

BIOMGENII

3

PBS 804

Advanced Plant Breeding

APLTBREE

3

PBS 806

Crop Taxonomy

CROPTAXO

3

 

Electives

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

 

Advanced Cytogenetics

 

 

 

Plant Biotechnology

 

 

 

Plant Genetic Resources Conservation

 

 

PBS 817

Genetic Engineering & In-vitro Culture

GEENGINC

3

PBS 811

Seed Production

SEEDPROD

3

PBS 813

Seed Storage

SEEDSTOR

3

 

M. Agric. in Seed Science and Technology

First Semester

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

Core/Compulsory Courses

PBS 811

Seed Production

SEEDPROD

3

PBS 813

Seed Storage

SEEDSTOR

3

 


Second Semester

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

Core/Compulsory Courses

PBS 810

Seed Processing and Handling

SEEDPROC

3

PBS 812

Seed Certification

SEEDCERT

3

PBS 814

Seed Biology

SEEDBIOL

3

 

Electives

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

 

Seed Analysis and Testing

 

 

 

Seed Technology

 

 

ZOO 827

Stored Products Entomology

PRSPENTO

3

PBS 804

Advanced Plant Breeding

APLTBREE

3

 

 

New Postgraduate Areas of Specialization

Postgraduate degrees offered in the Department are basically in the areas of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology.  However, new areas of specialization have emerged under the two options stated below:

 

M.Agric/Ph.D (Plant Breeding)

M.Agric/Ph.D (Seed Technology)

 

For M. Agric. in Plant Breeding, the new area of interest is Plant Biotechnology while Seed Pathology is the new area of interest in M. Agric. Seed Technology.

 

Structure and Units

Structure and units are the same for the two options (a) and (b) above.  While the same College courses would be offered by all, different courses are mounted to reflect the new areas of interest and make them adequate in their chosen areas of specialization, as reflected below:

 

Structure            

COURSE TITLE 

UNITS

College Courses (Compulsory)

10

Core Courses

15

Electives

6

Thesis Research

6

Seminars

2

Minimum Total for the Award of M.Agric Degree

19

 

COURSE UNITS M.Agric (Seed Technology)  Pathology Area

 

Compulsory College Courses

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

PBS 803

Biostatistics

BIOSSTAT

3

SOS 815

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition

SOILFERT

3

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

 

Core Courses for M. Agric in Seed Technology (Pathology Area)

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

PBS 807

Fundamentals of Seed Pathology

FUNDSEPA

3

PBS 808

Experimental Techniques in Seed Pathology

EXPSEEPA

3

PBS 809

Mycotoxins in Seed Health

MYCSEEHE

3

PBS 813

Seed Storage

SEEDSTOR

3

PBS 816

Epidemiology of Seed Disease

EPISEEDI

3

 

Core Courses For M. Agric Plant Breeding (Biotechnology Area)

Course Code

Course title

Abbreviation

Unit

HRT 809

Introductory Biotechnology

INTROBIO

3

PBS 804

Advanced Plant Breeding

APLTBREE

3

PBS 817

Genetic Engineering and In-vitro Culture

GEENGINC

3

PBS 818

Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics

MOLEGECY

3

PBS 820

Instrumentation

INSTRUME

3

 


Electives for M. Agric in Seed Pathology (option)

Any of the core courses listed for M. Agric in Seed Technology proper e.g. PBS 804: Advanced Plant Breeding PBS 806: Crop Taxonomy

 

 

Ph.D in Plant Breeding or Seed Science and Technology

Course Structure

There may be course work, which will vary depending on the background of the candidate but would contain the relevant courses that have not been taken at M.Sc. degree level and in some cases may include courses in related basic sciences.

 

10.3.10  Course Synopsis

Postgraduate Diploma in Plant Breeding and Seed Science.

 

PBS 701:  Fundamentals of Genetics (3 Units)

Cell division – Mitosis and Meitosis.  Pattern of inheritance, historical theories of the organ of life.  Gregor Mendel and the Laws of genetics.  Prediction of offspring by using Laws of probabilities, Chemical basis of heredity.  Genetic code. Gene actions and interaction –Pleiotropism, complementary gene action, gene frequencies; Hard-Weinberg Laws.  Cytogenetics – Types of Ploidy.

 

PBS 702:  Design and Statistical Analysis of Experiments (3 Units)

Notations in statistics; measures of central tendencies – standard deviation, variance, standard error.  Coefficient of variation, etc; Introduction to statistical inference and testing of hypothesis: Chi-square (χ2); Principles of Biological experimentation – definition of terminologies: Experimental designs – Completely Randomised Design (CRD), Randomised Complete Block design (RCBD), Latin square, Factorial experiments, split-plot design.  Correlation and Regression analyses.

 

PBS 703:  Seed Biology (2 Units)

Floral induction and initiation in Plants; Pollination and Fertilisation; seed formation and development, seed germination and the physiological factor affecting germination; seed dormancy.

 

PBS 704:  Varietal Evaluation and Release (2 Units)

Importance of varietal evaluation; Relationship of varietal evaluation with selection.  Analysis of multi-location variety data; the role of genotype x environment interaction in selection.

 

PBS 705:  Introduction to Plant Breeding (3 Units)

Reproduction in flowering plants – characteristics of self and cross pollinated crops.  Types of self-incompatibility system: hetemorphic, homomorphic gametophic, sporophytic systems; Male sterility – genetic male sterility and cytoplasmic male sterility, breeding problems involving quantitative characters.  Role of environment in plant breeding; selection techniques.  Breeding of asexually propagated crops.

 

PBS 706:  Seed Production Technology in Nigeria (3 Units)

Agronomy of Seed Production. Climatic and other requirements for seed multiplication.  Weeds, importance and control. Crop inspection, techniques of producing varietally pure seed.  Controlled seed multiplication.  Seed drying.  Seed cleaning.  Seed storage systems.  Seed treatment and packaging.

 

M.Agric. In Plant Breeding

 

PBS 801: Biometrical Genetics   1 (3 Units)

Sources of genetics variation, scaling test; joint scaling test using weighted least square; genotype x environment interactions – joint regression analysis; stability models, path analysis and selection models.

 

PBS 802: Biometrical Genetics II (3 Units)

Biparental progenies, North Carolina I and II, Diallel and Partial diallel analyses.  3-Way and double cross hybrids, Line x tester analysis; classification analysis.

 

PBS 803: Biostatistics (3 Units)

Matrices and applications, variance and covariance analysis, Nested ANOVA; expected mean square; Fixed and random models; single  DF comparison; a review of factorial experiments and split – plot design; Regression Analysis.

 


PBS 804: Advanced Plant Breeding (3 Units)

Gene action, heritability, inbreeding and heterosis.  Response to selection; Selection methods for self-pollinated crops, genotype x environment interaction.  Breeding techniques for self-and cross-pollination crops, Conservation of genetic resources.

 

PBS 805: Physiological Genetics (3 Units)

Plant environment – types of crop response to environment;  Growth analysis; methods for detecting varietal differences; photosynethetic efficiency; C3 and C4 plants.  Physiological basis of heterosis in plants.  Molecular genetics – DNA and RNA, Genetic mode.  Chemical taxonomy.

 

PBS 806: Crop Taxonomy (3 Units)

Angiosperm systematics; procedures for term-preparation of herbarium material, the use of keys on plant taxonomy.  The relevance of plant anatomy, genetics, phytochemisty, etc to plant taxonomy. Numerical taxonomy. Chemo-systematics.

 

M. Agric. (Seed Technology)   --   Seed Pathology area of interest.

 

PBS 807:               Fundamentals of Seed Pathology - 3 Units

Concept of seed-borne mycoflora.  Plant diseases caused by seed-borne pathogens.  Seed diseases of major tropical crops.  Transmission of seed disease agents.  Mode of infection

by seed-borne inoculum.  Micro-climate and seed disease development.  Seed health, mycotoxins and human health.  Control of field and storage diseases of seeds.  Integrated pest management approach to seed disease control.  Seed health and quarantine programmes.

 

PBS 808:               Experimental Techniques in Seed Pathology - 3 Units

General morphology and taxonomy of seed-borne fungi, bacteria, nematode and viruses.  Principles and methods of seed health testing.  Modern techniques for detection of seed-borne inoculum.  Ecological aspects of seed health testing.  Survey of seed diseases, seed-borne diseases and causal agents with reference to taxonomic distinctions.

 

PBS 809:               Mycotoxins in Seed Health - 3 Units

Seed diseases of importance to human/animal health.  Mycotoxins; Ochratoxin, Zearalenone, Trichothecenes, Aflatoxin, Deoxynivalenol, Fumonisin B1 etc.  Bioassay methods, estimation in seeds and toxicology.  Nature of toxigenic organisms.  Storage facilities and conditions congenial for mycotoxin development.

 

PBS 816:               Epidemiology of Seed Disease  - 3 Units

Assessment of seed disease losses.  Sources, transmission and development of seed-borne inoculum.  Adaptive features of seed-borne pathogens.  Epiphytotics in seed populations.  Ecology of seed-borne pathogens.  Microclimate effect on seed, pathogen, transmission agent and overall disease development.

 

M.Agric in Seed Science and Technology

 

PBS 810:  Seed Processing and Handling (3 Units)

Seed processing Principles, Pre-cleaning and conditioning.  Basic cleaning Dimensional sizing.  Specific gravity separation.  Surface texture separation.  Air separators.  Electronic separators.  Miscellaneous cleaning equipment.  Commercial seed treatments.  Seed handling.  Accessories.  Design and layout of processing plant.

 

PBS 811:  Seed Production (3 Units)

The seed industry.  Essential requisites of a seed Programme.  Agronomic and climatic aspects of Seed reproduction.  Determinants of seeds quality.  Seed multiplication.  Production of seed for the farmer, contract seed production.  Harvesting and drying.  Seed processing certification.  Seed legislation, seed marketing,  Field Inspection, test for cultivar authenticity.

 

PBS 812:  Seed Certification (3Units)

Brief history, Objectives. Certification authority. Manpower requirements. Elements of Sound Seed Certification programme. Minimum certification standards. Field inspection. Pre and Post harvest control (varietal purity, seed borne disease). Seed quality tests in the laboratory. Summary of certification scheme. Certification of blends, phytosanitary certification.

 

PBS 813:  Seed Storage (3 Units)

Types of seeds.  Seed moisture relationships.  Life span of seeds.  Seed deterioration.  Possible causes of seed deterioration.  Seed storage, purposes and precepts.  Storage pests; storage fungi.  Types of storage.  Conditioned storage.  Seed packaging.

 

PBS 814:  Seed Biology (3 Units)

Plant meristems.  Reproductive processes in plants.  Floral initiation, Flowering and pollination.  Fertilisation, apomixes, the developing ovule.  Seed setting and seed development.  Chemical composition of seeds. Seed germination.  Pattern of germination.  Seed structure.  Factors affecting seed germination.  Dormancy, Seed agronomy (cycle).

 

10.3.11  Postgraduate Lecturers in Plant Breeding and Seed Technology

 

 

Name

Rank

Qualification

Specialization

Ojo, D. K.

Professor

B.Sc (Ile-Ife), M.Sc (Ibadan), Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Plant Breeding

Ariyo, O. J.

Professor

B.Agric (Nsukka), M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Plant Breeding

Ajala, M. O.

Professor

B.Sc (Ile-Ife), M.Sc (Edinburgh), Ph.D (Ibadan)

Seed Technology

Kehinde, O. B.

Professor

B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Plant Genetics/Breeding

Sowemimo, F. A.

Professor

B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D (Zaria)

Plant Breeding

Akintobi, Dupe C.

Reader

B.Sc (Ile-Ife), M.Sc (California), Ph.D (Ibadan)

Seed Technology

Daniel, I. O.

Reader

B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Seed Technology

 Adebisi, M. A.

Snr. Lecturer

B.Agric, M.Agric, Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Seed Technology

Ayo-Vaughan, Monininuola A.

Snr. Lecturer

B.Sc (Ile-Ife), M.Sc (Ibadan), Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Plant Genetics/Breeding

Alake, C. O.

Lecturer I

B.Agric (Abeokuta), M.Sc. (Ado-Ekiti), Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Plant Breeding

Porbeni, J. B.

 

Lecturer II

B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Plant Genetics/Breeding

Idehen, E. O.

Lecturer II

B.Agric, M.Agric, Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Plant Breeding

Oduwaye, O. A.

Lecturer II

B.Tech (Ogbomosho)

M.Agric, Ph.D (Abeokuta)

Plant Breeding

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