Department of Crop Protection
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DEPARTMENT OF CROP PROTECTION

    Preamble

The Department of Crop Protection was carved out of the former Department of Crop Production and Crop Protection through the Senate approved restructuring of the Departments of Crop Production and Crop Protection, and Plant Physiology and Crop Ecology. The former Department of Crop Production and Crop Protection existed as a unit of the Department of Agricultural Management of the former Federal University of Technology, Abeokuta (FUTAB) that became College of Science and Technology, Abeokuta (COSTAB) and University of Agriculture, Abeokuta in 1988.

 

The Department of Crop Protection conducts basic and applied research in crop protection on arable and permanent crops of Nigeria and indeed tropical Africa.  These investigations utilise research laboratories, screen houses, phytotrons, insect museum, field laboratory and experimental plots on the University Crops farm and University Extension Villages.  It also has close working relationships with other Departments and the Agricultural Media Resources and Extension Centre of theUniversity.  In itsteaching and research activities, the Department actively co-operates with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan, all Agricultural Research Institutes in the country as well as State Ministries of Agriculture.

 

10.1.2    Vision

To be a leading centre of excellence for training, research development and dissemination of knowledge in all major areas of crop protection in Nigeria.

 

10.1.3    Mission

To provide a conducive learning environment for quality education and training that promotes scholarship, stimulate innovative research and technology development, especially in our immediate locality.

 

10.1.4    Objectives

The objectives of the programmes are to:

(i)      Acquire knowledge and skills to offer advisory services in all matters related to crop protection.

(ii)    Design and execute research programmes aimed at solving crop protection problems.

(iii)   Collect, analyse, interpret and present data in crop protection experiments.

(iv)  Acquire competence in pesticide safe handling, usage, disposal and monitoring their fate in the environment.

(v)    Manage crop and environmental protection issues including integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) and other environmentally safe procedures.

(vi)  Acquire entrepreneurial skills for use in creating employment opportunities.

 

 

10.1.5    Post-Graduate Programmes

 

Postgraduate Diploma in Crop Protection (PGD. Crop Protection)

Master of Agriculture in Crop Protection (M. Agric. Crop Protection)

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in specific area of specialization

 

10.1.6    Admission Requirements

To be eligible for admission in the Postgraduate Diploma programmes of the department, candidates must be first-degree holders in Agriculture or relevant discipline from any recognized University, or holders of HND with minimum of Upper Credit and 5 years post-qualification experience.

 

To be eligible for admission into the Masters Degree programme, candidate must be a graduate of this University or any other University recognized by Senate and shall normally have obtained a minimum of Second Class (Upper Division) degree in the relevant field.  In exceptional cases, candidates with Second Class (Lower Division) may be considered.

 

To be eligible for admission to the Doctor of Philosophy degree programme, a student must have obtained a Master’s degree from this University or its equivalent from any other University recognized by Senate.  For holders of one year degree of Master’s the minimum duration on the Ph.D. programme shall be three years. The candidates may however be further subjected to written and or oral interview as may be approved by the College post Graduate Committee.

 

Registration and Duration of Programmes

This shall be as stipulated by the Postgraduate school. Availability and attendance of full time students for courses, seminars, field works and other activities related to the study of postgraduate students is not negotiable. Attendance of 70 % of classes of any course is a prerequisite for a student to be examined in such course.

The Postgraduate Diploma students are expected to present a report on field assessment of pests and or diseases in relevant unit/area of their study.

 

10.1.7    Departmental Postgraduate Committee

(a)   Membership and Governance

The membership shall consist of

(i)      All academic staff with responsibilities in the Departmental postgraduate programme.

(ii)    There shall be a co-ordinator appointed by the Head of Department

(iii)   The Head of Department shall be the Chairman.       

 

  (b)   Duties

(i)      To co-ordinate Postgraduate programmes in the  Department

(ii)    To collaborate with operators of other degree programmes

(iii)   To present candidates for admission, award of grants, scholarships and fellowships and the award of higher degrees and graduate diplomas to the College Postgraduate Committee.

(iv)  To recommend External Examiners to the College Postgraduate Committee based    on the advice of the Supervisory Committee.

 

10.1.8    Postgraduate Diploma

 

Postgraduate Diploma in Crop Protection

Structure                            

Courses

Units

Courses

16

Field Report

3

Project

3

Seminars (Pre and Post Data)

Total

2

24

 

 

First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

PCP 701

Principle of Crop Production

PRINCRPP

4

CPT 797

Seminar I

SEMINARI

1

CPT 799

Project

PROJECT

3

Others

CPT 705

Economic entomology

ECONENTO

3

PCP 707

Principles of Weed Management

PRINWEED

3

 

Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

PBS 702

Design and Statistical Analysis of Experimets

DSTAEXPT

3

CPT 798

Seminar II

SEMINAII

1

CPT 710

Field report

FILDREPT

3

 

 

 

 

CPT 704

Principle of Entomology

PRICENTO

3

CPT 706

Principle of Plant Pathology

PRICPPAT

3

PCP 708

Crop Ecology

CROPECOL

3

 

10.1.9    M. Agric  in Crop Protection

The M. Agric. Programme in Crop Protection will have options in the areas of Entomology, Nematology, Plant Pathology and Vertebrate Pest Control. The aim of the programme is to produce agriculturists well versed in the art and science of crop protection. It involves both courses and research works.

 

Courses

Compulsory University/College Courses

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

SOS 815

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition

SOILFERT

3

PBS 803

Biostatistics

BIOSSTAT

3

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

CPT 826

Pesticides

PESTCIDE

3

CPT 797

Seminar I

SEMINARI

1

CPT 798

Seminar II

SEMINAII

1

CPT 799

Dissertation

DISSERTN

6

 

Compulsory Courses in Departmental Options

A.            Entomology

 

First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 811

Insect Morphology, Systematics and Taxonomy

INSEMSTA

3

CPT 813       

Principles and Methods of Entomological Research

PRMDENRE

3

 

 Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 810

Insect Physiology

INSEPHYS

3

CPT 812

Insect Ecology

INSEECOL

3

CPT 814

Applied Entomology

APPLENTO

3

Elective Courses

Not less than 6 units from other options

 

B.   Nematology

   First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 815      

General Morphology and Taxonomy of Plant Parasitic Nematodes

GMATPLPN

3

CPT 817

Nematological Techniques

NEMATECH

3

 

 Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 816

Functional Nematology/Agro-Nematology

FUNCNEMA

3

CPT 818

Economic Nematology

ECONNEMA

3

Elective Courses

Not less than 6 units from other options

 


C.   Pathology

First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 819

Physiology of Fungi

PHYSFUNG

3

CPT 821

Bacteriology

BACTLOGY

3

CPT 823

Principles and Practices of Plant Disease Control

PLDCCONT

3

 

Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 820

Advanced Mycology

ADVCMYCO

3

CPT 822

Plant Virology

PLNTVIRO

3

Elective Courses

Not less than 6 units from other options

 

D.   Vertebrate Pest Control

First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 825

Population Ecology

POPULOGY

3

 

Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CPT 824

Vertebrate Pests of Tropical Crops

VETPETPC

3

CPT 826

Pesticides

PESTCIDE

3

Elective Courses

Not less than 6 units from other options

 

10.1.10  Course Synopsis

Postgraduate Diploma Course Details in Crop Protection

PCP 701: Principles of Crop Production (4 Units)

Environmental factors of Crop Production.  Yield limiting factors and concepts related to their influence on crop growth.  Production systems, stand diversity, plant distribution and crop yield.

 

CPT 704:  Principles of Entomology  (3 Units)

Insect development and growth.  Metamorphosis;  General biology of major insect orders.  Concepts of pests; factors leading to development of pests; types of pests and damage assessment.  Ecological principles and population dynamics.


CPT 705: Economic Entomology (3 Units)

Major insect pests of selected cultivated crops: cereals, legumes, vegetables, roots and tuber crops and tree crops. Insect Pests of storeT products.  Pest control strategies – cultural,  chemical and biological.  Behaviour of pesticides in environment.  Classification of insecticides and general mechanism of their action.

 

CPT  706:  Principles of Plant Pathology (3 Units)

Fungal, bacterial and viral diseases of major crops of Nigerian Agriculture.  Epidemiology of disease organisms.  Major diseases of selected cultivated crops and their symptoms; cereals, legumes, roots and tuber crop, vegetables and tree crops.  Disease associated with crops in storage.  Nematodes of major crops.  Disease and Nematode control strategies.

 

PCP  707:  Principles of Weed Management (3 Units)

Types of weeds.  Weeds associated with cultivated crops and their control.  Weed control:  cultural, biological and chemical weed management; Herbicides, types, and mode of action.

 

PCP  708: Crop Ecology (3 Units)

Ecosystems, ecological concepts; environment; ecological distribution of crops; plant succession.

 

CPT 710: Field Report (3 Units)

   Report on field assessment of insect pests and or diseases associated with crop/s in student’s     relevant unit/area of study.

 

M. Agric Course Details in Crop Protection

 

CPT 810: Insect Physiology

Structure and functions of the integumentary system, Digestive system, Respiratory system, Important maintenance activities, reproduction and Development, Co-ordination.  Locomotion insects.

 

CPT 811: Insect Morphology, Systematics and Taxonomy

Insect systematics, purpose and methods of identification classification, Components of biological classification.  Taxonomic categories, Nomenclature, Classification of the Class Insects.

 

CPT 812: Insect Ecology and Behaviour

Ecology of insects – life system concept.  Environmental components, Aquatic environment, Terrestrial environment.  Intra-and inter-specific  interactions, population dynamics.  Community and Energy flow.  Behaviour of insects, kinds of behaviour – aggression and dominant territoriality.  Communication periodicity in behaviour.

 

CPT 813: Principles and Methods of Entomological Research

Experimental designs, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Table (Hypothesis, test of significance etc), significance of blocking in experimentation, sampling methods, pest survey, equipment for experimentation, literature sources (Journals, abstracts, bulletin, newsletter etc), preparation of reports (oral, written, project, progress, journal-type, thesis/dissertation etc), pictorial presentation of results (graphical, charts, map etc).

 

CPT 814: Applied Entomology

Principles of insect control – Definition and categorization of pests, Development of pest status.  Insect pest damage Economics of insect pest attack, Forecasting Insect pest outbreak.  Methods of Pest Control – Biological, Genetic, Environmental, Chemical, Mechanical, Physical, Legislative, Cultural, Host Plant resistance, Integrated Pest Management.

 

CPT  815: General Morphology and Taxonomy of Plant Parasitic Nematodes

Plant – parasitic nematodes, survey of different types, microscopy and nematode identification:  Relation taxonomic character, families and general of important plant-parasitic nematodes in Tropics.

 

CPT  816: Functional Nematology/Agro-nematology

Nematodes in relation   to other soil organisms, Plant-nematode relations or interactions; nematodes as biological agents of pest control; population dynamics of nematodes;  Methods of nematode control in agricultural soils.  Mechanisms of Resistance to plant parasitic nematodes.

 

CPT  817: Nematological Techniques

Sampling for nematodes, nematodes extraction from soil, extraction of nematodes from plant parts; preservation of nematodes, mounting of nematodes for microscopic work and for future references.  Drawing of nematodes.  Electron microscopy and nematology,  Photomicrography.

 

CPT  818:  Economic Nematology

Economically important plant- parasitic nematodes of cereals, legumes, fibre crops, tree crops, root and tuber crops.  Crop Loss Assessment.  Diagnostic programmes in Nematology.

 

CPT  819: Physiology of Fungi

Growth and reproduction.  The genetics of pathogenic fungi.  Kinds of inoculum produced.  Liberation of spores.  General features of effective dissemination, Fungi diseases of national and international importance.  Control measures, quarantine, cultural, chemical, host plant resistance etc.

 

CPT  820: Advanced Mycology

Classification and nomenclature of plant parasitic fungi.  Morphology, Biology and Ecology of fungi.  Method in determining nutritional requirements of fungi effect of environmental factors on growth and sporulation.

 

CPT  821:  Bacteriology

Classification and properties of plant pathogenic bacteria.  Growth and reproduction.  The genetics of bacteria.  Kinds of inoculum produced.  Dissemination.  Bacteria diseases of national and international importance.  Control measures, quarantine, cultural, chemical, host plant resistance etc.

 

CPT  822: Plant Virology

The nature of viruses growth and reproduction.  The genetics of viruses.  Kinds of inoculum produced.  Dissemination, Virus diseases of national and international importance.  Control measure, quarantine, cultural, borne infections.  Vector host relationship in arthropod-borne infections. Methods in the study of plant viruses.

 

CPT  823:  Principles and Practice of Plant Disease Control

Pathogens, host plant and the environment.  Phytoxicity.  A review of methods and materials used in plant disease control and the problems involved in their applications.

 

CPT 826: Pesticides

Distribution and abundance of vertebrate pest in the tropics, assessment of vertebrate pest damage, factors predisposing crops and stored produce to vertebrate pest attack, importance of vertebrate pest control, requirements for vertebrate pest control, factors influencing vertebrate pest control, management and control of vertebrate pests.

 

CPT 827: Principles and Practices of Vertebrate Pest Control

Classification, toxicology, mode of action.  Pesticides in the environment.  Pesticide calculations.  Pesticides studies

 

 

10.1.11  Postgraduate Lecturers

 
 

 

 

S/N

Name

Rank

Qualifications

Area of Specialization

1

Popoola, A. R.

Ag. Hod Senior Lecturer

B.Sc. (Ife), M.Sc. (Ibadan) Ph. D. (Jos)

Plant Pathology                                     

2

Afolami, S.O.

Professor

B.Sc., Ph.D. (Ibadan)

Plant Nematology

3

Enikuomehin, O. A.

Professor

B.Sc. (Ekpoma),M.Sc. Ph.D (Ibadan)

Plant Pathology          

4

Atungwu, J. J.

Reader

B. Agric., M. Agric.,Ph.D. (Abeokuta)

Nematology                   

5

Pitan, O. R.

Reader

B.Sc. (Lagos), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Ibadan)

Agricultural Entomology

6

Emily I. Ayo-John (Mrs)

Senior Lecturer

B.Sc. (Benin), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Ibadan)

Plant Virology

7

Osipitan, A. A.

Senior Lecturer

B.Sc. (Ife), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Ibadan)

Agricultural Entomology 

8

Afolabi, C. G.

Lecturer I

B.Sc., M. Sc., Ph. D. (Ibadan)

Plant Pathology      

9

Odeyemi, I. S.

Lecturer I

B. Agric., M. Agric., Ph.D. (Abeokuta)

Plant Nematology     

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