Department of Water Resources Management and Agro-meteorology
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DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT & AGROMETEOROLOGY

     Preamble

The Department of Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology came into existence in 1988 with the creation of the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta.  The Department started Postgraduate Degree programmes in 1995.

 

7.4.2      Philosophy

The Postgraduates Degree Programmes in the Department of Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology are designed to produce high level Teachers, Researchers and Professionals that are satisfactorily equipped with analytical and technical skills necessary for the adequate performance of their jobs as academic and professionals.

 

7.4.3      Objectives

The programme intends to train students to enable them accomplish the following

(i)            Handle the problems of water resources in the area of distribution and availability, management and mode of extraction for domestic agricultural and industrial uses.  It will also provide the training required in the sustainable development of drainage basins. 

(ii)           Handle the problems of climate as it affects Agricultural practices including specific effects on Animal Production, Food Crop Production, Forestry and Aquaculture Production.  Furthermore it will provide the training needed for understanding current environmental problems on land, ocean and atmosphere.        

 

7.4.4      M.Sc. Programme

Areas of specialization at the M.Sc level are:

Agrometeorology

Water resources

Agrohydrology

Hydrometeorology        

 

STRUCTURE

The programme consists of thesis, seminar, core and elective courses.  The core are the departmental key courses that cut across the areas of specialization mentioned above while the electives are courses in the specific area of specialization of a candidate.

The structure is as given below:

 

Courses

Units

College courses (compulsory)

Core Courses

Electives

Thesis Research (WMA 799)

Seminar (WMA 798)

10

12

 7

 6

 2

 

Minimum total number of units for the Award of  M.Sc. Degree:                              36 Units

 

 

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

University Course

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

College Courses

FRM 814

Advanced Remote Sensing and Photogrametry

ADRESEPH

3

WMA 817

Advanced Methods of  Water Quality Assessment & Pollution Control

WMATQASS

3

Core Courses

WMA 801

Analytical Framework for Agrometeorological Drainage System

AFAGROMD

3

WMA 802

Micrometeorology

MICROMET

3

WMA 803

Agro-Hydrology

AGROHYDR

3

WMA 804

Analytical Cartography

ANALCART

3

WMA 897

Seminar I

SEMINARI

1

WMA 898

Seminar II

SEMINAII

1

WMA 899

Dissertation

DISSERTN

6

Electives

WMA 805

Tropical Weather Disturbance and Forecasting

TROWEDIS

3

WMA 806

Agrometeorological Modeling and Yield Production

AGRMODEL

3

WMA 807

Advanced Agricultural Watershed Management and Analysis

AGRWATMA

3

WMA 808

Water and Agriculture in the Tropics

WATAGRIC

3

WMA 809

Hydraulics

HYDRAULI

3

WMA 810

Hygrometry

HYDROMET

3

WMA 811

Surface Water Evaluation and Monitoring

SWATREMO

3

WMA 812

Water Resources Modeling

WRESMODE

3

WMA 813

Management of Water Resources Systems

MGTWARES

3

WMA 814

Hydrological Processes and Analysis

HYDPROAN

3

WMA 815

Irrigation Engineering Design

IRIGENGD

3

WMA 816

Principles and Drainage Design

PRDRDESG

3

WMA 817

Advanced Methods of  Water Quality Assessment & Pollution Control

WMATQASS

3

WMA 818

Field Trip

FIEDTRIP

3

 

7.4.5      Ph.D Programmes

The Ph.D  Programmes are designed to produce high level Teachers, Researchers and Professionals in the following areas of specialization:

Agrometeorology

Water Resources

Agrohydrology

Hydrometeorology

 

7.4.6      Synopses for M.Sc. Courses

WMA  801 – Analytical Framework for Agro-meterological and Drainage Studies.                                                                                                                   (3 Units)

Developing hypothesis and objectives, Research design, measurement and data collection, interpolation of missing data applications of probability distribution in hydro-meteorological events/processes: Non-parametric tests, analysis of variance.  Multivariate analysis: multiple correlation and regression, principal component factor and techniques of time series analysis; stochastic processes.

 

WMA    802 – Micrometeorology (3 Units)

Physical phenomena near the soil-atmosphere including solar and thermal radiation, diffusion, turbulence and profile relationships: the transport of heat, matter and momentum within and above plant canopies and combination equations for evaporation, transpiration, carbon dioxide balance and photosynthesis, concept of water use efficiency advertent and inadvertent modification of plant climatic environment.

 

WMA 803 – Agro-hydrology (3 Units)

Role of watershed management for arable land use in the tropics. Soil classification and hydrologic soil groups. Water in the unsaturated zone (capillary rise, percolation, and depth to water table).  Soil moisture content, soil water potential, soil moisture characteristics, soil-water-plant relationship, crop water requirements, Measuring devices (gravimetric methods, electrical resistance methods, neutron probes, etc.) Land evaluation and introduction to irrigation techniques.  Basic concepts on morphological calculations.  Effect of water diversions in rivers and degradation of rivers after dam constructions.  Geo-hydrological investigations and mapping.

 

WMA 804 – Analytical Cartography (3 Units)

Exploration of selected problems in cartography: extraction and mapping of information from synoptic charts, topographical and geological maps.  Computer mapping and advanced map production techniques; cribbing  methods representation and selection of statistical measures of agro-meteorological and drainage phenomena.

 

WMA 805 – Tropical Weather Disturbances and Forecasting (3 Units)

Problems in Tropical meteorology; Tropical weather features, analysis and forecasting, characteristics of  Tropical cyclone, formation, structure, maturity and decay.  Tropical hurricane track prediction, cloud and precipitation processes.  Development and forecasts of thunderstorm, predicting of weather from local signs, baroclinic in stability (Eady model), barotropic in stability, Rossby Waves.

 

WMA 806 – Agro-meteorological Modelling and Crop Yield Prediction (3 Units)

A critical evaluation of crop and agro-meteorological models developed for prediction of crop production and agricultural operations, method for  climatological analysis and classification.  Physiological and correlative approaches to modeling the impact of meteorological variability on crop yield.  Layout of Agro-meterorological station and installation for on-farm research.  Yield predictions under conditions of uncertainty.

 

WMA 807 – Advanced Agricultural Watershed Management and Analysis (3 Units)

Watershed characteristics, Hydrology and shelterbelt: ecosystem approach to watershed management, problems arising from the utilization of drainage basins and their implications.  Methods of integrated watershed development:  Quantitative analysis of drainage basin characteristics.

 

WMA 808 – Water and Agriculture in the Tropics (3 Units)

Water in relation to plant growth and yield, the atmosphere-soil-plant water system, rainfall characteristics, the implications of the nature of tropical rainfall, water balance studies and their application to agriculture, role of Agriculture techniques in crop-water relations: application of crop water requirements to design and operation of irrigation projects.

 


WMA 809 – Hydraulics  (3 Units)

Open channel hydraulics: Basic principles of the fluid mechanics applied to an open channel flow.  Schematisation of the flow and geometry of an open channel.  Uniform flow: definition, formulation and use.  Gradually varied flow: use of the  principles of conservation of energy and momentum: critical flow: classification of flow profiles; rapidly varied flow: unsteady flow in open channels.  Flow in Alluvial channels:  Stream form and classification qualitative response to channel stabilization and dredging.

 

WMA  810 – Hydrometry (3 Units)

Water level or stage;  Discharge: Procedures to calculate stream discharge; Sediments; bed material sampling, bed load and suspended load measurement, establishment of rating curves.

 

WMA 811 – Surface Water Resources Evaluation and Monitoring (3 Units)

Quantitative evaluation of surface water resources, problems of water pollution, Multipurpose drainage basin management, spatial aspects of water supply planning, open channel flow, turbulent and laminar flow, choice of dam sites and safety consideration of slopes, Drainage characteristics of Nigerian rivers.

 

WMA 812 – Water Resources Modelling (3 Units)          

Description of Network, network design, system analysis and design theory and techniques for network design.  Criteria for the use of data for  modeling – accuracy, time intervals and error detection and correction.  Classification of models; Terminology, model technique (physical models, analogue and mathematical models), model-prototype relationship and limitations.  Deterministic and stochastic principles, lumped non-linear models. Introduction to stochastic processes, random events, stationarity, time series analysis.  Markovian processes and filtering.  Hydrological forecasting:  Forecast methods, short-term forecast, on-line systems, application to floods, low flow and water temperature.

 

WMA 813 – Management of Water Resources System  (3 Units)

Water demands and Resources, Water Resources Management.  Quality requirements and standards for different types of water use; Estimation of water use. Economics of water resources planning, cost-benefit analysis and rate of turnover criteria,  Systems Analysis: Analysis of linear Input-Output systems, identification of objectives economic benefits, application  of systems analysis to problems of water resources engineering and environmental management.  Optimisation methods (Linear, dynamic programming, simulation, sensitivity analysis etc).  Hydrological data for design purposes.

 

WMA 814 – Hydrological Processes and Analysis (3 Units)

Introduction: Hydrological cycle and the terminology precipitation:  Forms of precipitation and accuracy of measurement Intensity – duration and depth – duration relationships.  Evaporation:  Evaporation from open water, intercepted water and bare soil, transpiration, and evapotranspiration.  Determination by measurements.  (Pans, Lysimeters etc).  Infiltration, factors governing infiltration, surface runoff: Depression storage, overland flow, surface detention, discharge floods.  Analysis of flood hydrograph, flood routing and analysis of low flow and droughts.  Solid Matter Transport, sampling techniques, sediment yield, sediment properties (suspended and bed load).

 

WMA 815 – Irrigation and Drainage Engineering (3 Units)

Selection of irrigation system: Types of irrigation systems: surface, sprinkler, trickler on drip, subsurface.  Comparison of irrigation system.  Design and layout of canals;  irrigation structures; design of diversion weirs and intakes; types of diversion weirs and their location. Design of service reservoirs; functions of service reservoirs, Subsurface drainage:  Determination of drainage spacing by steady state drainage formula and no-steady state drainage formula.  Dams: design and materials.  Design of gravity dams, earth and rock fill dams.

 

WMA 816 – Drainage Principles and Design (3 Units)

Drainage theory, soil water potentials, darcy’s law; homogeneity design equations and their engineering investigation. Design and specifications of surface and subsurface drains for water logging and salinity control in agricultural soils.  Reclamation of saline and sandy soils.

 

WMA 817 – Methods of Water Quality Assessment and Pollution Control   (3 Units)     

Water chemistry and water biology:  Composition and characteristics of surface and ground water, biochemical cycles, Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulphur, main chemical water quality parameters.  Surface water quality:  Factors affecting water quality and pollution by human, industrial and agricultural wastes.  Water quality criteria.  Stratification and eutrophication in lakes and reservoirs, thermal stratification and self-purification.  Groundwater quality; processes for determining groundwater quality, sources of groundwater pollution and effects on groundwater quality, artificial groundwater recharge, groundwater quality monitoring and sampling techniques.

 

FRM 814 – Advanced Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry (3 Units)   

Basic Photogrammetry and practical use of aerial photographs, instruments in aerial photo interpretation of aerial photographs and radar imagery; aspects of remote sensing including:  Infrared, passive microwave, multi-spatial imageries.  Application of remote sensing to Agriculture, forestry, hydrology watershed management and wildlife management.

 

7.4.7      Postgraduate Teaching Staff

SN

NAME

RANK

QUALIFICATION

AREA OF SPECIALISATION

1.

Ufoegbune G.

 

Senior Lecturer and Head of Department

 

B. Sc. (Nigeria)

M.Tech (FUT Minna)

Ph.D (Abeokuta)

 

Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing Application

2.

Martins, O.

 

Professor

 

B.Sc,,

M.Sc. (Bochum)

Ph.D (Hamburg)

 

Water Resources Management

 

3.

N. J. Bello

 

Professor

 

B.Sc. (Ibadan)

M.Sc. Ph.D. (Ilorin)

Cert.Agroclimatology. (Reading U.K.),

IPGC Crop-Weather

(Bet Dagan, Israel)

 

Theoretical and applied Climatology

4.

Idowu O.A

Senior Lecturer

B.Sc.(Ibadan)  M.Sc. (Ife)  Ph.D (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)

 

Hydrogeology and Water Resources Management

 

5.

Awomeso,

 J. A.

 

Senior lecturer

 

B.Sc. DAU

Ph.D (Besancon, France)

 

Hydrogeology and Water Resources Engineering

6.

Adejuwon J. O

Senior Lecturer

B.Sc. (Ado-Ekiti)

M.Sc.(Port- Harcourt)

PGD Marketing.

(Port Harcourt)

AMNIM ;ADM,ANIM

PhD (Ile-Ife)

Climatology and Agrometeorology

7.

Oluwasanya G

Lecturer I

B.Sc. (Abeokuta)

M.Sc (Wageningen)

PhD(Cranfield) 

Water Resources Management

8.

Amori. A A

Lectuer I

B.Sc. (Lagos)

M.Sc; Ph.D  (Ibadan) 

Hydrology, Resourcse Evaluation and Mapping Techniques

9.

Ojekunle Z.O

Lectuer I

B. Sc (Ife),

M. Sc., PhD

(Tianjin, China)

Water resources management and environmental planning

10.

Eruola A. O

Lectuer I

B.Sc. M.Sc. Ph.D

(Abeokuta)

Hydrology/Agrometeorology

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