Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology
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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND TOXICOLOGY

      Preamble

The Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, being the first of its kind in Nigeria, was established in 1989 to provide skilled manpower, trained specifically for environmental surveillance, monitoring and management as against the present practice where these tasks were performed by people trained in basic and applied sciences.

 

The academic programme in the department is designed to provide the training needed for an understanding of the environment and to build upon this foundation by exploring in some depths, specific aspects such as resource depletion, recycling, re-use and the impact of science and technology on the environment.

7.2.2      The Postgraduate Programme   

The Master’ degree programme is designed for science graduates hoping to have distinguished careers, in the environmental field.  The fundamental philosophy underlying the programme is the training of graduates from a wide range of disciplines and backgrounds, to the highest academic standards in the identification and resolution of environmental issues.

The present concern about environmental issues results in an increasing need for environmental expertise.  The multi-disciplinary character of environmental studies is addressed by using the expertise available in the department and other departments of the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta.

The programme provide an opportunity to study many aspects of the environment and to increase the participants understanding of the multi-disciplinary nature of environmental issues.  It is a four semesters programme involving training in selected aspects of both basic and applied environmental science.

The course is made up of lectures, tutorials, laboratory classes and field trips.  Students will be expected to carry out independent research project on an environmental problem.     The programme is designed to cater for a variety of individual interests and future professional needs.

 

7.2.3      Objectives

The Master Degree Programme is designed to;

Increase the students understanding of the multi-disciplinary nature of environmental issues.

Provide training in independent research/study resulting in original contributions to knowledge.

Provide high level skilled manpower relevant to national needs in all facets of national development.

The Master degree programme is divided into two

                i.              Master in Environmental Management and Toxicology MEMP (Academics)

                ii.             Master in Environmental Management (Professional)

 

7.2.4      Master in Environmental Management and Toxicology (Academics)

Entry Requirements:

The candidates for the Master Degree Programme should have a good Honours Degree in Environmental Management and Toxicology, Forestry and Wildlife, Agriculture, and other environmentally related courses from Federal University  of Agriculture, Abeokuta and other Universities  recognized by the Senate, of the University

 

Ph.D

Candidates must be MSc. Degree holders with CGPA of at least 3.5 of a 5.0 point scale or a 60% weighted average.

 

Duration

Four Semesters minimum for full time

Structure

UNITS

(i)       University Course

4

(ii)      Core Courses

12

(iii)     Electives 

12

(iv)     Thesis Research

6

(v)       Seminar

2

MINIMUM TOTAL FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER DEGREE

36

Courses

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

University Course

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

Core Courses

FRM 800

Advance Biometry

ADVABIOM

3

EMT 801

Global Environmental Issue I (Case Studies in Environmental  Management – both International and Local)

GLBLENVI

2

EMT 802

Environmental Pollution Studies (Water, Soil, Air and Noise Pollution).

ENVRPOLL

3

EMT 803

Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing              

ENVRIPAD

2

EMT 804

Comparative Environmental Policy and Law.

COMPELAW

2

EMT 805

Environmental and Resource Economics.

ENVRRESC

2

EMT 806

Waste Management and Control I.

WASTEMGT

2

EMT 808

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Environmental Monitoring Modeling and  Assessment.

GISAREMS

2

EMT 821

Research Methodology

RESRMETD

2

EMT 822

Control and Management of Ecological Disasters

CONTMGDTD

2

EMT 898

Seminar

SEMINAR

2

EMT 899

Dissertation

DISSERTN

6

Electives

EMT 807

Ecological Principles for Sustainable Development.

ECOLPRIP

2

EMT 813

Environmental Education and propaganda          

ENVIEDUC

2

EMT 823

Toxicant in the Environment      

TOXCENVR

2

EMT 824

Community Ecology and Ecosystem Management

COMEEMGT

2

EMT 825

Resource Management and Conservation

RESMCONS

2

EMT 827

Conservation of biodiversity

CONSOBIO

2

EMT 828

Advanced Geosciences 

ADVAGEOS

2

EMT 830

Environment and Public Health

ENVIPUBH

2

 

7.2.5      Master in Environmental Management  (Professional)

The Professional Master degree programme is designed for a wide range of candidates especially those hoping to have distinguished careers in the environmental field and those who are already involved in environmental related activities but do not possess background academic competence in environmental management.  The fundamental philosophy underlying the programme is the training of graduates from a wide range of disciplines and backgrounds, to the highest academic standards in the identification and resolution of environmental issues

The present concern about environmental issues results in an increasing need for environmental expertise.  The programme provides an opportunity to study many aspects of the environment and to increase the participants understanding of the multi-disciplinary nature of environmental issues.

 It is a three semesters programme involving training in selected aspects of both basic and applied environmental science.

The course is made up of lectures, tutorials, laboratory classes and field trips.  Students will be expected to carry out independent research project on an environmental problem. The programme is designed to cater for a variety of individual interests and future professional needs.

 

Admission Requirement

Students for the programme should normally possess the minimum requirement for admission to the University post-graduate programme.  A B.Sc honour degree with at least Second Class (Lower) degree in Science, Applied Science, Agriculture and Environmental related field from any University recognized by the Senate of Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta will be desirable.  HND Upper Credit with a minimum of five years experience may be  considered

 

Graduation Requirement

It is a three semester’s programme involving training in selected aspect of both basic and applied environmental science.  The course is made up of lectures, tutorials, laboratory classes and field trip in the first two semesters and a project work in the third semester.  The programme is run on part-time basis with lectures on Fridays and Saturdays.

Candidates for the programme must satisfy the following requirements:

(i)            Successful completion of prescribed course work at least 32 units

(ii)           Successful completion of approved project work

 

Entry requirements:

The candidates for the Master Degree Programme should have a good Honours Degree in Environmental Management and Toxicology, Forestry and Wildlife, Agriculture, and other environmentally related courses from other Federal University  of Agriculture, Abeokuta and other Universities  recognized by the Senate. of the University

 

Duration

Three semesters minimum.

 

STRUCTURE                                                                                                                        UNITS                                                                                         

(i)           College Course                                                                                                                  4

(ii)          Core Courses                                                                                                      18

(iii)         Electives                                                                                                               4            

(iv)         Thesis Research                                                                                                 4

(v)          Seminar                                                                                                                 2           

Minimum Total for the Award of Professional Masters in Environmental

Management                                                                                                                                    32

Current Curriculum

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

CSC 801

Use of Computer in Research

USEOCOMP

4

EMP 801

Environmental Law, Policy and Administration

ENVRLAPA

2

EMP 804

Environmental Monitoring

ENVRMONT

2

EMP 808

Waste Management and Control II

WASTMGTC

2

EMP 812

Application of Remote Sensing and G.I.S. for Environmental Assessment and Monitoring.

APPLRGIS

2

EMP 817

Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing.

PRNPEIAA

2

EMP 821

Health, Housing and Urban Development.

HHUBDEVP

2

EMP 823

Global Environmental Issues II: Case Studies In Environmental Management.

GLDBENVI

2

EMP 828

Analyses of Environmental Data.

ANALENVD

2

EMP 888

Seminar

PRSEMINA

2

EMP 889

Project

PRPROJECT

6

Electives

EMP 802

Occupational Health and Safety

OCCPHEAS

2

EMP 809

Environmental Education and  Awareness

ENVREDAW

2

EMP 810

Environmental Aspect of Pesticides and Other Toxicants

ENVRATOX

2

EMP 822

Development and Environment               

DEVPENVR

2

EMP 825

Water Quality Assessment and Control.

WATRQACC

2

EMP 826

Environmental Pollution Control.

ENVRCONP

2

 

 

7.2.6      Course Synopses

Master in Environmental Management and Toxicology (Academics) Courses

EMT 801:  GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: CASE STUDIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)

Acid rain, Ozone depletion deforestation, loss of biological diversity, trans-boundary movement of toxic wastes.  Desertification, oil pollution in the Niger Delta solid waste management; erosion/land degradation.  Hydroflourocarbons, Radioactivity Pollution.

 

EMT 802: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION STUDIES (WATER, SOIL, AIR, NOISE. (3 UNITS)

Micro-meteorology – mixing height, lapse rate, stability classification, air dispersion modelling; source control of air pollutants; sources of niose vibration and sound generation, modelling, noise abatement.

WATER:  The importance of water, hydrological cycle, water supply and water quality; types and sources of water pollution; biological effects of water pollution; environmental toxicology.

SOIL:  The importance of soil and various causes of soil contamination and their control measures.

AIR: Aerosols, dispersion, modelling; gaseous pollutants - SOx NOx PAS: odour, etc; sources of air pollution; plant/animal/atmosphere relations air/land/water interactive systems; the effects of pollutants on crops natural vegetation, man, other animals, rising CO2 levels and their significance; biological effects of other pollutants; nuclear winter, aerial organisms; measurement of pollution – monitoring equipment, bio-monitors, data analysis.

NOISE:  Sound noise measurement noise sources-traffic, construction, air conditioning, air craft, industrial, under acoustics; the effects of noise on man.

 

EMT 803: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND AUDITING (2 UNITS)

Introduction and Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment, origins and development, Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing Processes, Impact Prediction, Evaluation and Mitigation, Monitoring and Auditing, Environmental Impact Assessment of Development Projects e.g. New Settlements Road Network, Electricity Generation, etc.  Improving the effectiveness of project assessment.  Strategic Environmental Assessment.

 

EMT 804: COMPARATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND LAW (2 UNITS)

Environmental policy making in the developed and developing countries, comparative analysis of institutional structures for decision-making on the environment, the nature of policy mechanisms used by different countries and modes of implementation.  International Law on Environment, Legal aspects of environmental pollution in Nigeria Legal System; Common laws applicable to environmental control, focusing on such matters as strict liability and torts of nuisance, trespass and negligence statutory controls relating to environmental protection (including general controls in the summary offences ordinance and Public Health and Urban Services Ordinance and Delegated Legislation; The Water Pollution Control Ordinance, Waste Disposal Ordinance and Noise Control Ordinance).

 

EMT 805:  ENVIRONMENTAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS (2 UNITS)

An introduction to welfare economics, examining basic concepts including surplus; Pareto optimality, externalities and welfare of future generations; alternative economic approaches to pollution control including the role of taxes and subsidies, the sale of pollution rights and use of environmental standards; basic concepts of cost-benefit analysis and the economic theory relating to resource depletion and conservation.

Resource allocation.  Micro-economic theory decision and cost-benefit analysis.  Location theory.  Pollution economics.  Resource depletion and conservation.

 

EMT 806: WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTROL (2 UNITS)

Types of Wastes, Waste Prevention (Cleaner Production Technology) Waste Reduction, Waste Recycle/Re-use Waste Treatment, Waste Disposal Water treatment for potable supplies, water screening, coagulation/flocculation sedimentation, activated sludge, anaerobic processing, sludge digestion, disinfection, tertiary treatment, final sludge and effluent disposal; dispersion and modelling.

 

EMT 807: ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (2 UNITS)

Nature and objectives of ecological development.  Factors of importance in development planning.  The relationship of conservation and development.  The role of ecology in development planning.  The relationship of ecology and economic development.  Economic consideration and environmental problems.  Application of cost benefit opportunity costs and other economic concepts to environmental problem.  Strategies for sustainable living.

 

EMT 808: REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (G.I.S.) FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING MODELLING AND ASSESSMENT (2 UNITS)

Introduction and Principles Origin and Development of Remote Sensing and G.I.S. Technologies.  Sensors for Remote Sensing Systems.  Aerial Photography and Photogrametry Analysis.  Multi spectral data system e.g. LANDSAT, SPOT, ERS-1, METEOSAT AND NOAA.  Handling of satellite imageries.  Interpretation of Remote Sensing Data.  Application of Remote Sensing and G.I.S. to Environmental Monitoring Modelling and Assessment Case Studies.

 

EMT 821: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Types of environmental data, sampling methods of environmental data. Direct gradient analyses, ordination and classification techniques.  Matrix approach to the management of renewable natural resources.  Measurement of variability, eveness and similarity indices.

 

EMT 822: CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF ECOLOGICAL DISASTERS ( 2 UNITS)

Types of ecological disaster, Identification of ecological disaster prone areas of the country. Case studies: (a) Ecological problems in the Niger Delta Area. (b) Soil erosion areas of Southern Nigeria. (c) Desertification areas of Northern Nigeria. Management of ecological disaster in Nigeria: the role of government.  NGO’S, and Multi-national companies.

 

EMT 823: TOXICANTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT (2 UNITS)

Classification of toxicants, sources and pathways into the environment. Mechanisms of transportation.  Impact of residues on biota man, plant, soil, fish livestock and wildlife development of resistance. Origin of petroleum, Theories of inorganic origin, Theories of organic origin: Genesis of oil from organic matter.  Composition of crude oil, composition of refined oils. Oil pollution: Extent, sources and control. Fate of Oil in the Environment (a) Physical processes, spreading, evaporation, solution emulsification, Direct sea-air exchange; sedimentation. (b) Chemical processes (c) Biological processes

 

EMT 824: COMMUNITY ECOLOGY AND ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT  (2 UNITS)

Standard community sampling procedures.  Pattern of change in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, principles of ecological succession.  The use of multivariate analyses in community ecology.  Niche theory and island geography.  Structure, dynamics and alteration within communities.

 

EMT 825: RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION (2 UNITS)

Land use and land suitability analyses.  Ecological management of semi-natural vegetation.  Urban ecology and habitat creation. Case studies of protection areas of the country. Types of Bio-indicator, salinity etc.      

 

EMT 826: PRACTICAL / FIELD WORK (2 UNITS)

Laboratory and field work on environmental management and control. Including pollutant characterization and analysis in various environmental media.

 

EMT 831: ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS (2 UNITS)

EMT 835: PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING AND POST  PROJECT COMMISSIONING (2 UNITS)

Development of environmental nexus. Principles and guidelines on environment. Guidelines on environmental audits ad post commissioning assessments. Procedure and formats for environmental audit reports (EARS).

 

EMT 832: HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

The meaning of health, health and environment, health and development, demographic issues associated with health and environment, food production, food, diet and health and contamination. Occupational hazards associated with agricultural activities, water and production, maintaining water quality, communicable diseases associated with water, water and sanitation, energy use and health, environmental and health effect of energy production, industrial activities and their health hazards, housing and health.

 

EMT 833: HUMAN SETTLEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (2 UNITS)

 

Professional Masters Courses

EMP 801 – ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION  (2 Units)

Processes of policy making, National Legal System, Origin of Environmental Laws, Court Procedures, Criminal and Civil Procedures, General Administration, Environmental Health Administration, Hierarchy of Power in Environmental/Health Administration.  Enforcement of Environmental Laws.

 

EMP 802:  OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (2 UNITS)

Components of occupational Health.  Safety in workplaces.  Occupational Hazards and Diseases.  Occupational Hazards Control. Legislation’s.  Occupational Medicine.  Principles of Industrial Ventilation.

 

EMP 804:  ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING ( 2 UNITS)

Fundamentals of Environmental Monitoring Ecosystem/Ecofriendly BOD, COD.  Instrumentation of sampling Techniques, Sampling/Monitoring Systems and Instruments, Source Monitoring, Ambient Environmental Monitoring.

 

EMP 808:  WASTE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL  (2 UNITS)

Types and sources of wastes.  Principles of waste management.  Waste collection, storage and treatment.  Solid waste minimization (reduction, re-use, re-cycling and recovery).  Methods of sewage disposal. (A quapriving, pour flush, septic tank, trickling filters, activated sludge, etc).  Management of municipal sewage system.

 

EMP 809: ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS  (2 UNITS)

Principles and Strategies of Environmental Education.  Attitudes and factors influencing behaviour (beliefs, taboos socio-economic status).  Methods and Techniques of Environmental Education. (Environmental campaign, Environmental talk presentation, School Environmental Education, Counseling, Group discussions, Lectures).  Commonly diagnosis in environmental education.

 

 

EMP 810: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF PESTICIDES AND OTHER TOXICANTS (2 UNITS)

Classes of Pesticides and other toxicants.  Pesticides in Food Chain Principles of Bioconcentration and Biomagnification.  Disposal of pesticide containers and wastes.  Ecological and health effects.  Safety measures in the use of pesticides.  Case studies of global disasters of misuse or abuse of pesticides and other toxicants.

 

EMP 812: APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING AND G.I.S. FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING  (2 UNITS)

Introduction, Principles, Origin and Development of Remote Sensing and G.I.S. technologies.  Sensors for Remote Sensing Systems.  Handling of Satellite imageries.  Application of Remote Sensing and G.I.S. to Environmental monitoring, modeling and assessment.  Case Studies.

 

EMP 817: PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND AUDITING (2 UNITS)

Introduction and Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment.  Impact Assessment and Auditing Processes.  Environmental Impact Assessment of Development Projects Strategic Environmental Assessment.

 

EMP 821: HEALTH, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ( 2 UNITS)

Worldwide Population and Urbanization Trends.  Cities and Emerging or Re-emerging Diseases.  The indoor Environment at Home.  The importance of Housing to Environment.  Addressing Housing and Environmental Problems in Urban Areas.  Green Industry Towards Sustainable Practices.

 

EMP 822: DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT ( 2 UNITS)

Concept of Environment, Environmental Sustainability.  Sustainable development, Impact of Human activities on the Environment, Technology and Environment.  Achieving a harmonious relationship between development and environment.

 

EMP 823: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: CASE STUDIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ( 2 UNITS)

Acid Rain, Ozone Layer Depletion. Loss of biological diversity.  Oil Pollution.  Desertification.  Nuclear Pollution.  Land degradation, Transboundary movement of hazard and waste.  Deforestation.

 

 

CSC 801:  USE OF COMPUTER IN RESEARCH (4 UNITS)

Computer Concepts Hardware’s and Software’s.  Information Representation.  Programming.  Packages – MS-Word, MS-Excel

 

EMP 825:  WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL ( 2 UNITS)

Physical composition of water bodies.  Water chemistry and nutrient cycles.  Water Quality Requirements and Guidelines for various uses.  Drinking, irrigation livestock, recreation, fishing.  Physical, chemical and microbiological analysis of water.  Water pollution studies, sources, pathways and effects of water pollutants.  Chemical, mechanical and biological methods of maintaining and improving water quality.

 

EMP 826:  ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL ( 2 UNITS)

Air, water and soil pollution.  Noise Pollution.  Source and Ambient monitoring of environmental pollutants.  Instrumentation of Sampling Techniques.  Regulations and Legislation’s on Pollution Control.  Clean up techniques in cases of pollution e.g. Oil spillage, Gas flaring, Toxic Substances Dump.     

 

EMP 828: ANALYSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL DATA (2 UNITS)

Application of simple statistical test of varied problems: T-test, F-test, Chi-square, Regression and Correlation Analysis of Variance.  Simple matrix algebra.  Introduction to modeling; Questionnaires procedures: open and close questions, Administration of Questionnaire and Analysis of Questionnaire.

 

EMP 888: SEMINAR   Evaluation of special topics in environmental Management and Protection  (2 UNITS)

 

7.2.7      Staff List

 

NAME

DESIGNATION

QUALIFICATION

AREA OF SPECIALIZATION

 C. O. Adeofun

Professor

B.Sc, M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan)

Remote Sensing/Environmental Impact Assessment.

 T. O. Arowolo

Professor

B.Sc. (London)

M.Sc.(Loughborough)

Ph.D (Aberdeen)

Analytical/Environmental  Chemistry

 O. Bamgbose

Professor

B.Sc, M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan)

Analytical Chemistry

M. T. Adetunji

Professor

B.Sc. (Ife), M.Sc (Ibadan)

Ph.D (Ife)

Soil Chemistry/ Soil Fertility

S. Momoh

Professor

Ph.D (Godollo, Hungry)

Cooperative & Farm Management and Account

A. M. Gbadebo

Senior Lecturer

 

B.Sc (Port-Harcourt)

M.Sc (Ife), Ph.D (Ibadan)

PGD (Israel)

Environmental Geochemistry

B. S. Bada

Lecturer I

B.Agric, M.Sc (Ife),

PGC (Tokyo) Ph.D (Ibadan)

Bioremediation and Environmental Management.

O. H. Adedeji

Lecturer 1

B.Sc. (Lagos) M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Physical Geo, G.I.S.        

 O. O. Olayinka

Lecturer 1

B.Sc. (Ado-Ekiti)

M.Sc, Ph.D (Ibadan)

Analytical Chemistry      

Z. O. Ojekunle

Lecturer I

B.Sc(Hon) URP

M.Sc & Ph.D in Engr. in Environmental Science

.Urban Planning/Water and Environmental Management

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