Department of Pasture and Range Management
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DEPARTMENT OF PASTURE AND RANGE MANAGEMENT

                Preamble

The Department at the time of inception of the University in 1988 was anchored in the College of Plant Science and Crop Protection. The Department took off in September 1991 with the assumption of duty of the first academic staff and coordinator and admission of students from the 1992/1993 session. With a restructuring programme in 1994, the Department was relocated to the College of Animal Science and Livestock Production (COLANIM) to make it the first Department of Pasture and Range Management in the Nigerian University System.

 

                Philosophy

The main philosophy of the department is production of skilled manpower that is adequately furnished with the comprehensive practical and theoretical information required for engaging in economic pasture and allied feed resources, vis-à-vis ruminant livestock production. It also involves the management and utilization of grassland/rangeland resources for attainment of economic livelihood. Such a highly knowledgeable professional man power would be produced in a system with the widest possible human and material resources, through the adoption of effective techniques of instruction and exposure to the actual practice of pasture establishment, management, conservation and utilization as well as in grassland/rangeland resources management and utilization.

 

                Objectives of the Programme

(i)      To assist in the attainment of self sufficiency in the production of basic food.

(ii)    To contribute to the achievement of the goal of marked increase in the production of agricultural raw materials to support the growth of our several industries.

(iii)   To enhance the production and processing of export produce.

(iv)  With emphasis on relevant, appropriate and manageable technology to modernize agricultural production, processing, storage preservation and distribution.

(v)    To enhance the rural employment opportunities and the attendant improvement of the quality of rural life.

(vi)  To evolve effective ways of protecting agricultural land resources from ecological degradation such as erosion, pollution, etc.

(vii)To develop new patterns of agricultural structures and government policies which clearly demonstrate that agriculture is an important part of our national economy.

(viii)                       To introduce new areas such as turf making into our economy.

(ix)  To produce agriculturists (teachers, researchers and professionals) well versed in the science of feed/forage production and management for effective ruminant animal production.

 

                Departmental Postgraduate Committee

 

Membership

(i)      The membership shall consist of all academic staff with responsibilities in the departmental postgraduate programme.

(ii)    There shall be a co-ordinator appointed by the Head of the Department.

(iii)   The Head of the Department shall be the Chairman.

 

Functions

(i)      To co-ordinate Postgraduate programmes in the Department.

(ii)    To collaborate with operators of other degree programmes.

(iii)   To present candidates for admission, award of grants, scholarships and fellowships and the award of higher degrees and graduate diplomas to the College Postgraduate Committee.

(iv)  To recommend External Examiners to the College Postgraduate Committee based on the advice of the Supervisory committee.

 

                General Admission Requirements

 

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma Programmes

To be eligible for admission into the Postgraduate Diploma programmes, candidates must be first-degree holders in any field Animal Science from this University or its equivalent from any University recognized by the Senate of FFUNAAB, or holders of HND with minimum of Upper Credit in Animal production and Health.

 

(B)          Masters Programme

To be eligible for admission into the Masters Degree programmes, candidates must be graduate of this University or any other University recognized by the Senate of FFUNAAB, and shall normally have obtained a minimum of Second Class (Upper Division) degree in Animal Science or Animal production and Health Credit in Animal production and Health or 70 % from Postgraduate Diploma programme. In exceptional cases, candidates with Second Class (Lower Division) may be considered.

 

(C)          Doctorate Programme

To be eligible for admission into the Doctor of Philosophy, candidates must have obtained M. Agric degree in any field of Animal Science from this University or its equivalent from any University recognized by the Senate of FFUNAAB, and shall normally have obtained a minimum of 60 % from M. Agric programme.

 

                Duration of Programme

The Postgraduate Diploma programme shall be field/practical-oriented, shall run on full-time or part-time basis only, and shall normally be for duration of two semesters for full time and four semesters for part-time.

The Masters degree programmes may be run on full-time or part-time basis. For full-time registration, the minimum duration shall be four semesters and maximum of eight semesters. For part-time registration the minimum duration shall be eight semesters and maximum of twelve semesters from the date of registration.

Registration for the Doctor of Philosophy degree programme shall be on full-time and part-time basis. For full-time registration, the minimum duration of the programme shall be six semester, the minimum duration shall be eight semesters for part-time registration. However, if the Masters degree was obtained from the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta or its equivalent elsewhere, minimum duration shall be four and six semesters for full time and part-time candidates respectively.

 

                General Graduation Requirements

 

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma Programme

(i)      Each student shall register for a minimum of 12 and a maximum of 16-course units per semester subject to the approval of senate on the recommendation of postgraduate school.  For part-time students, a candidate shall be expected to register for a minimum of six units and a maximum of ten units per semester.  Minimum number of units required for graduation is 24.

(ii)    Each student shall present either pre-data or post-data seminar during the programme.

 


(B)          Master’s Degree Programme

(i)      For the first year, the minimum number of course unit for full-time students shall be 12 semesters while the maximum shall be 20.  For the part-time students, a candidate shall be expected to register for a minimum of units and a maximum of ten units per semester.  Minimum number of units required for graduation is 30.

(ii)    Each student shall present twice (pre-data and post-data seminars) during the programme.

(iii)   The university runs an open defense of M. Agric dissertation.

 

(C)          Doctor of Philosophy Degree Programme

(i)      Candidates for the Ph. D degree shall normally be expected to register only for their research seminar and theses.  However, a candidate may, if considered necessary, be required to register for an approved combination of M. Agric courses on the recommendation of the board of the Postgraduate School and approved by Senate.

(ii)    Each student shall present twice (pre-data and post-data seminars) during the programme.

(iii)   The University runs an open defense of Ph. D thesis.

 

                Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) Programmes

Structure of the Programme

COURSE CODE

UNITS

College Course

Core Courses

Electives**

Project

Seminar

Minimum Requirement for Graduation

Minimum Registration

2

12

4

6

2

22

26

** Select elective courses outside the core courses.

 


Courses Lists

PGD IN PASTURE PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION

First Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

ABG 717

Basic Statistics for Diploma students

BASCSTAT

2

PRM 725

Principles of Forage Production

PRINFORP

3

PRM 727

Forage Conservation Technology and Dry Season Feeding

FCONDRYF

3

 

Second Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

PRM 714

Forage Production and Utilization

FOPROUTL

3

PRM 722

Pasture Management and Animal Production

PAMGTAPD

3

PRM 724

Range Management and Utilization

RANGEMGU

3

PRM 726

Forage Seed Production Technology

SEEDPROD

3

PRM 728

Pasture Productivity

PASTPROD

3

PRM 798

Seminar

SEMINAR

2

PRM 799

Project

PROJECT

6

 

Elective

 

4

 

                M. Agric. in Pasture Production and Utilization

COMPULSORY COLLEGE COURSES

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

 

FIRST SEMESTER

 

ABG 707

Bio-Statistics

3

ANS 705

Advanced Techniques in Animal Science Research

3

CSC 701

Use of Computer in Research

4

 

Total

10

 

 

 


Pasture Production and Utilization Option

Course Code

Course Title

Abbreviation

Unit

PRM 801

Agronomy and Ecology of Pastures

AGRECOPA

3

PRM 802

Physiology and Utilisation of Tropical Pastures

PHYUTLTP

3

PRM 803

Pasture Research Methodology

PARESMTD

3

PRM 804

Forage Quality and Conservation Techniques

FORQTLCT

2

PRM 805

Pasture Seed Production and Marketing

SDPROMKT

3

PRM 808

Pasture in Farming Systems

PAFARSYS

2

PRM 806

Range Ecology

RANGEECO

3

PRM 807

Range Improvement Methods

RANGEIMP

2

PRM 809

Grazing Management

GRASSMGT

3

Electives

APH 802

Sheep and Goat Production

SHGTPROD

3

APH 803

Beef Cattle Production System

BCPRODST

3

APH 804

Dairy cattle Production and Dairying

DCPRODDY

3

SOS 815

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition

SOILFERT

3

EMT 808

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Environmental Monitoring Modeling and  Assessment.

GISAREMS

2

 

                Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Pasture and Range Management

 

The Ph. D in Pasture and Range Management has areas of specialization in the following:

Pasture Production & Utilization

Range Management.

 

                Course Synopsis

(A)          Postgraduate Diploma

ABG 717 – Basic Statistics in Animal Production (2 units)

Student – Test, Chi-square test.  Normal distribution, Analysis of variance/experimental design.

 

PRM 725 – Principles of Forage Production (3 units)

Tropical forage species and their adaptation, types of pasture and their features, establishment of improved pastures, role of legumes in pastures, factors affecting dry matter yield, nutritive values and factors affecting it.

 

PRM 727 – Forage Conservation Technology and Dry Season Feeding (3 units)

Forage conservation methods, problems and methods of enhancing feed quality in the dry seasons – intensive feed garden, fodder bank and their uses.

 

 

PRM 714 – Forage Production and Utilization (3 units)

Forage resources for livestock production in the tropics.  Establishment, management, harvesting and preservation of forage.  Forage quality considerations. New trends in forage processing (Grass – legumes mixtures). Range improvement. Grazing reserves for ruminant animals.  Transporting and marketing of forage, stocking rate and productivity evaluations. Digestibility assessment.

 

PRM 722 – Pasture Management and Animal Production (3 units)

Pasture improvement techniques, proper uses of tropical pastures, methods of enhancing quality and utilization, grazing management, its effects on pasture and animal productivity, stocking rate, carrying capacity, stocking density, grazing season etc.  Production of different classes of ruminants on pasture, pasture requirements for different classes of animals.

 

PRM 724 – Range Management and Utilization (3 units)

Range ecology, range conditions, range land productivity, range and resources and their roles in domesticated animal production, influences of man on range land productivity.

 

PRM 726 – Forage Seed Production Technology (3 units)

Agronomic management for seed production, factors limiting seed production, seed quality and certification seed yields of grasses and legumes, seed harvesting, processing and storage, seed importation, seed marketing.

 

PRM 728 – Pasture Productivity (3 units)

Pasture productivity indices herbage yield measurement, sampling techniques, relationship between herbage yield and animal productivity, quality indices and evaluation techniques, measuring dry matter yields of shrubs and trees used as forages.

 

 

 

 

(B)          M. Agric.

PRM 801:   Agronomy and Ecology of Pastures – 3 Units.

Environmental adaptation of tropical pasture plants and pattern of geographical distribution.  Origin of domesticated pastures species.  Genetic variation and mode of reproduction. The role of man, modern technology and nature, Improvement and limitations of natural pastures.  Establishment and management of improved pastures.  Role of legumes.  Degradation and persistence of pastures.

 

 

PRM 802:   Physiology and Utilization of Tropical Pastures – 3 Units

Response of tropical pastures to edaphic, physiographic and biotic factors.  Factors affecting intake and selectivity of forage under grazing.  Relationship between pasture structure and utilization.  Variation in growth rate of tropical forage species and its effects on dry matter productivity.  Anti-nutritional factors in pasture species and related diseases.

 

PRM 803:  Pasture Research Methodology – 3 Units

Species evaluation by cutting and grazing in small plots, Grazing experiments objectives, Choice of treatments, Choice of animals and grazing methods, Overcoming variability in grazing experiments, Methods of reducing the size and biases in grazing studies.  Animal and pasture measurements under experimentation.  Measurement of primary productivity.  Range surveys.  Statistical analysis of pasture experiments.

 

PRM 804:  Forage Quality and Conservation Techniques – 2 Units

Deferred grazing. Silage and hay making.  Chemical additives.  Microbiological and chemical changes during ensilage.  Forage quality techniques, digestibility, voluntary intake, chemical composition.  Factors affecting nutritive value.

 

 

PRM 805:  Pasture Seed Production and Marketing – 3 Units  

Establishment and management of species for seed production.  Seed harvesting and processing. Factors limiting seed production.  Seed yields of grasses and legumes.  Selection and Breeding of pasture spp.  Seed quality and certification.  Seed storage.  Marketing of forage seeds.

 

PRM 806:  Range Ecology – 3 Units

World distribution of natural grassland, Rangeland plants and identification of ecological sites.  Rangeland condition and trend.  Management of range ecosystems.  Range stability (plant succession, study of animal-soil-plant interactions).  Environmental influences and ecological concepts.  Fields trips of grazing reserves.

 

PRM 807:  Range Improvement Methods – 2 Units

Uses of natural grassland.  Limitations to livestock production on range.  Brush control on rangeland.  Effects of fire.  Range reseeding and fertilization.  Infrastructures and people on rangeland.  Water resource management.  Management of animals on the range.  Economic implications of rangeland development.

 

PRM 808:  Pastures in Farming Systems – 2 Units

Definition of farming systems.  Role of legumes in crop-livestock systems.  Integration of pastures in plantation and annual crops.  Intensive feed garden.  Fodder banks.  Enhancing dry season feeding in farming systems.  Fast growing nitrogen fixing trees and browse plants.  Pasture and animal production systems.

 

PRM 809: Grazing Management – 3 Units

Effect of grazing management on tropical pasture utilization.  Grazing systems and distribution. Spatial patterns of grazing.  Stocking rates.  Grazing capacity and intensity.  Nutrition and intake of grazing animals.

 


                Academic Staff List

 S/N

NAME

RANK

QUALIFICATIONS

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION

1

Onifade, O. S.

Professor

B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (ABU)

Forage Agronomy & Utilization

2

Jolaosho, Alaba O.

Professor

B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (U.I)

Pasture Agronomy & Forage Utilization/Intake Modelling.

3

Arigbede, O. M.

Reader

B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (U.I)

Ruminant Nutrition/Forage Science

4

Olanite, J. A.

Reader

B.Agric (Ago-Iwoye), M.Sc.,(Ilorin), M.Phil., Ph.D (Ibadan)

Pasture Agronomy and Utilization.

             5.

Ojo, Victoria O. A.

Lecturer II

B.Agrc., M. Agric., Ph.D (FFUNAAB)

Pasture Agronomy, Conservation and Utilization.

 

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